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Download Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Committee on Advancing the Productivity and Competitiveness of the U.S. Industry Workshop

Construction productivity--how good, how quick, and at what fee structures and infrastructure should be constructed--directly impacts costs for houses and purchaser items and the robustness of the nationwide economic climate. analysts range on no matter if building productiveness is bettering or declining. nonetheless, advances in to be had and rising applied sciences supply major possibilities to enhance building potency considerably within the twenty first century and to assist meet different nationwide demanding situations, reminiscent of environmental sustainability.

Advancing the Competitiveness and potency of the U.S. building Industry identifies 5 interrelated actions which could considerably enhance the standard, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of development projects.

those actions contain frequent deployment and use of interoperable expertise purposes; better job-site potency via more suitable interfacing of individuals, procedures, fabrics, apparatus, and data; better use of prefabrication, preassembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication options and tactics; leading edge, frequent use of demonstration installations; and potent functionality dimension to force potency and help innovation. The booklet recommends that the nationwide Institute of criteria and expertise paintings with leaders to strengthen a collaborative technique to totally enforce and installation the 5 activities

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Extra resources for Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. Construction Industry

Sample text

In 2005, construction workers experienced about 76 percent more days away from work owing to injuries or illnesses than did workers in other industries (NRC, 2009). Nonetheless, these numbers represent significant improvements in construction safety. Between 1992 and 2005, construction-related fatalities declined by more than 22 percent overall. The rate of injuries and illness also appears to have dropped significantly, possibly by a factor of two, although measurements are difficult because of the segmented nature of the industry.

To date, available automated equipment, prefabricated components, and other innovations have been used primarily by large construction companies on industrial and infrastructure projects. Their widespread use by contractors for commercial projects has been hampered by a number of factors, including the costs to own, lease, or operate automated equipment; the limited availability of some automated equipment; and conventional design practices that typically do not consider the use of automated equipment during preproject planning.

S. construction industry and is composed primarily of firms that perform work in the industrial and commercial sectors of the industry. The ACEC numbers more than 5,500 private-sector engineering firms throughout the country. The ACEC’s member firms range in size from a single registered professional engineer to corporations employing thousands of professionals. Combined, these firms employ thousands of engineers, architects, land surveyors, scientists, and other specialists and are responsible for more than $200 billion of private and public works annually (ACEC, 2009).

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