By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman goals and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities whilst they try to the dying over scraps from the desk of the foreign drug exchange. yet John Hagedorn, traditionally, additionally unearths desire within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, team spirit, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he continues the wish tradition of resistance will eventually succeed over the forces of self-destruction. even if one stocks his optimism or now not, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the area can be made up our minds at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A global of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and goals of thousands of rebellious early life round the planet. it's an vital paintings to appreciate the area we are living in and crucial analyzing for college students of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than one billion those who now reside in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous good points of lifestyle. even though nonetheless so much heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, around the world phenomenon that play an important function in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to spiritual and political violence. In a global of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang due to the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 global cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a technique to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. particularly, Hagedorn finds, the nihilistic allure of gangsta rap and its road ethic of survival “by any capacity necessary” presents important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs world wide. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful notice. featuring ways that gangs will be inspired to beat their violent trends, Hagedorn appeals to group leaders to exploit the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang lifestyles and hip-hop so one can deliver gangs into broader activities for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of felony justice on the collage of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the international urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Additional resources for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
A. There’s more than one head in everything. There ain’t no drug spot that I know of that’s only one person and that’s the main person. You need more than one person. Just because of a situation like that. What if he gets caught, goes to jail, you can’t do that. No, you need at least—two is good, but three is better. . They take the man down. It’s still going on. The man, he just drops, he says okay, we’re going to miss him, but we still must go on. The show must go on. It’s like the circus. 38 In ghettos, barrios, and favelas around the world, gangs are thriving.
33 White control was relaxed after the 1960s relocation and again in 1994 when the African National Congress (ANC) took power and security services became disorganized. 35 16 street institutions Racism and Ethnic Identity In all three cities racism and ethnic identity join economic rationality, a history rooted in social movements and prison, and defensible spaces as crucial factors in why gangs institutionalized in these cities and not others. 36 The laws and prayers of all the major African American gangs are ﬁlled with nationalist rhetoric and Muslim references.
24 Politics, economics, and crime go together like, well . . like vampires and blood: Signiﬁcantly for a possible future warlord politics, these agents of political violence transmute into networks of criminal violence and agents of enterprising local strongmen. . 25 Drug Lords The African situation diﬀers from Latin American countries. As in Africa, there are regions of cities and countries, such as the favelas of Rio de Janeiro or the cocaine-producing areas of Peru, that are outside the state’s control.